NASA is studying the possibility of sending astronauts into space by rocket launcher systems strongest ever. This system will significantly speed up plans to return to the moon and go to Mars by humans.
NASA had previously planned for launch unmanned mission EM-1 into orbit of the Moon in October 9/2018. This mission is expected to be launched by the rocket launch SLS system the most powerful of all time.
Since this is the first mission after so many decades people have not returned to the moon, and the first mission conducted by SLS, so NASA has yet to put a man on duty controls.
But recently, NASA said it has calculated and research capabilities will put the astronauts directly involved in this mission. Earlier, aviation authorities are expected to put a man into space by Orion mission also launched SLS system, as early as 2021.
This caused great surprise when it does not look like the traditional standards of NASA. The public considered, perhaps this is a sign that the administration of President Trump expressed interest in putting humans back on the Moon travels. “I know there will be many challenges related to the proposal, but in terms of technical feasibility and resources, we need to have an opportunity to promote the efforts of manned flight, leading to the people will go further in space “, administrator of NASA said Robert Lightfoot.
At present it is too early to know the EM-1 mission will operate manned like. But under the plan has been laid out in advance, the EM-1 mission is an unmanned Orion spacecraft automatically collect data as it revolves around the moon for 6 days at a distance of 70,000 km. Can see that, ship manned Orion flight will be a short, fast finish, like Apollo 8 mission in 1968 – the first mission to bring the crew orbits the moon.
In addition to the problem of time to prepare for the mission, will also many other issues need to be addressed when making this flight followers. Orion does not have support systems and work activities for the astronauts, as well as reporters SLS system has not undergone tests the missile launch with humans.
If all these obstacles are overcome, the EM-1 will be an important mission, as a prerequisite for its next mission, EM-2 is scheduled to be launched from 3 to 5 years later. EM-2 would take humans to set foot on the moon for the first time since 1972.
However, the ultimate goal of the launch system SLS not only around between Earth and the moon, but its ambition is to put a man on Mars on a date in the near future. The flight to the moon just for the great tests of human expeditions to Mars.
NASA hopes, the flight put a man on the moon to live and work will get valuable experience in preparation for the series on settlements on the red planet.