How does Nuclear Missile work?
This is one of those tips that I hope you never need, but just as you should know. A nuclear attack is the worst nightmare in the world and its immediate consequences are as bad as detonation, or even worse. This is what you should do if you survive the explosion.
When you know that a nuclear bomb has detonated near you if suddenly you see a flash of bright white light, which could dazzle you for a few seconds if you are 80 kilometers or less from ground zero. If that blindness disappears and you can see normally (and you do not feel a sudden peace and calm), it means that you are still alive. Other signs that a nuclear explosion has occurred near where you are are first to third-degree burns, which develop if you are less than 16 miles away. The best sign is, of course, if you see a mushroom cloud on the horizon.
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Michael Dillon, a researcher at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, recommends that you seek refuge as soon as you realize what has happened, in order to escape radioactive fallout (the fall of radioactive particles from the atmosphere from a nuclear explosion). In his study, published in the report Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Dillon recommends hiding within an enclosure with the densest building material possible. The thicker the walls, the better.
For example, you can hide inside a building built with sturdy bricks or concrete (or concrete) structures that have no windows, in the basement or sub-basement of a building. When hiding in a place like this you will only be exposed to 1/200 of the radiation to which you would be exposed on the outside. Obviously, the most ideal place is a bomb shelter, but most of us are not close to any. This FEMA chart, recently released by Business Insider, gives a good idea of the best places to take refuge.
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Wood structures, like most houses and one-story buildings, are not good shelters for radioactive rain. Is it better than being out in the open? A little, yes, but Dillon recommends that you move to a better location when possible. If you can run into a more dense and protective shelter exposing yourself for five minutes or less, do so. If you need to be exposed to radiation for 15 minutes, stay where you are and wait at least an hour before moving. A good part of the fallout will have happened during that time.
While waiting in your dense, thick-walled shelter, the EPA suggests that you stay away from any window or door and shower or clean exposed parts of your body with a damp cloth. Store all the clothes you have in a plastic bag and keep them away from you and other people, because they are probably contaminated. When you shower, use shampoo and soap, but do not rub your skin tightly. It is also not advisable to use conditioner, because it will cause the radioactive material to remain in your hair. Once you are clean, blow your nose, clean your eyelids, eyelashes, and ears to remove any radioactive waste.
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Finally, be sure to drink only bottled water and eat foods that come from sealed containers, until a rescue team finds you. While you wait for the help you can listen to the radio to keep abreast of the places where you can find help and other shelters installed by the government.