What is good for pregnant women? The most scientific way to care for pregnant women is the questions that many mothers are concerned about and ask. To address these concerns, please refer to the following article for the best healthcare knowledge for yourself and your baby during your pregnancy:
How to Care for Pregnant Women in the First 3 Months of Pregnancy
1. Changes in the Physical Appearance of Pregnant Women in the first 3 months
During the first month of pregnancy, Pregnant Women often have no special feelings, even not yet know that she was pregnant. The size of the uterus is not different from the time when it was not pregnant. During this stage, the ovaries begin to release luteolytic hormones. This hormone stimulates the growth of the breast. Pregnancy will feel the breasts slightly tense, the nipples become darker and more sensitive, just touch lightly feel pain.
The second month of menstruation is stopped. Most of the sisters began to have pregnancy reactions such as nausea, vomiting, anorexia, etc. This is a sign of morning sickness, but there are still some women who do not have any reaction. Due to the effect of hormones and uterus on bladder pressure, the number of times urinary incontinence began to increase. Do not abstain from urinating, so it is susceptible to infection. Neonatal glands also become sensitive, often feeling tired, uncomfortable, and mentally upset, anxious, upset, agitated.
From the third month of the womb was as large as the fist. The breast feels stretched, the nipple and breast are darker. The color of the vagina is also darker, the vaginal discharge more and denser. The more severe the pregnancy this month, the higher the pregnancy vomiting symptoms. Due to the hormonal changes, the mood of the pregnant woman is more insecure, anxious, sad, and sometimes too aggressive. Changes in appearance due to pregnancy are skin that loses its brightness and becomes darker, around the eyes and cheeks appear brown spots, the freckles will become darker.
2. How to care for pregnant women in the first 3 months
Nutrition for pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy should ensure adequate nutrition including: Protein, Fat, Iron, Calcium, Vitamins, Minerals, especially Folic Acid supplementation in stages this is extremely important.
Folic acid deficiency is the cause of neural tube defects that manifest as spina bifida, encephalopathy and increases the risk of defects in the heart, limbs, urinary tract, cleft lip and cleft palate of children. The need for folic acid during pregnancy is 400 mcg of folic acid a day.
Because of the effect of morning sickness, pregnant women should divide their meal between five and six meals a day to avoid vomiting and nausea. Such as oranges, apples, biscuits, ginger to limit morning sickness. On the other hand, suppress your eating habits if the foods you eat are not good for your baby or for the mother.
In the early stages of pregnancy, pregnancy should also include foods that should be avoided during pregnancy such as alcohol, alcoholic drinks, and some fruits and vegetables that may threaten miscarriage such as pineapple, green papaya, Sauteed vegetable, bitter melon.
There will be lots of fatigue and pressure on the mothers during this time, so make the time to rest and relax more.
If you have to go to work or work poorly, you need to think carefully about how to prevent yourself and your baby.
Being able to walk or do gentle yoga moves will help the mother body to pick up oxygen, soothe the nervous system and also help strengthen the fetus.
Change the mood, if she feels the mood is erratic change, talk with her husband about her sympathy and share it.
3. The Husband needs to know
During this period, the husband needs to grasp the best ways to care for her: Pay attention to his wife more, help his wife relieve psychological pressure. Should plan with the wife for the pregnancy and change the habits are not good as for late, lazy work.
Should try to take time to take his wife for routine pregnancy examination, on the one hand, can care for his wife, on the other hand, to give his wife feel warm, fun.
Pregnancy response often causes anorexia, usually not good. The husband should express his love for his wife more, care for his wife more closely, especially diet and proper living to make his wife be happier and healthier.
Be positive learning how to do housework. During pregnancy, there are some things that are unsuitable for pregnant women, such as lifting and moving heavy objects, taking things up high. All this is done by the husband.
In the first 3 months, the risk of miscarriage is very high so couples should not have sex.
How to Care for Pregnancy Woman During the Middle 3 Months
1. Changes in the Physical Appearance of pregnant women in the Middle 3 Months
Normally, when the pregnant woman reaches the 4th month onwards, her abdomen begins to appear prominently, but the pressure in her abdomen is still normal.
In the fifth month, the appearance of the maternity changes quite large, uterus enlargement should make the lower abdomen also protruding; the height of the bottom of the uterus is at par with the navel. Chest, buttocks are hatched; the fat layer under the skin thickens, body weight increases. Pigmentation of the face, areola, and pussy continues to dark. The breasts begin to produce colostrum. During this period, pregnant women can feel the pregnancy very clearly. Pregnancy is one of the vital characteristics of the fetus, which is the basis for the diagnosis of the fetus, an important indicator of survival in the uterus of the fetus. Therefore, the pregnant woman should record the first pregnancy time to be provided to the doctor during pregnancy.
At 6 months, the uterus clearly visible, the height of the bottom of the uterus is about 18 – 20cm compared to the joint. Ligation keeps the uterus stretched, so sometimes the woman will feel pain. As the uterus pressures, the mother often has symptoms such as difficulty breathing, digestion is not good. Because the uterus squeezed into the vein in the lower chamber causes blood to stagnate in the pelvic area and blood vessels of the lower limb. Blood circulation, high blood pressure, and hormonal changes can lead to leg edema, which can also cause varicose veins.
2. How to Care for Pregnant Women in the Middle 3 Months
During the 3 month period between pregnancy, the weight gain for pregnant women is increased from about 3-4 kg, at the same time must ensure enough nutrients and micronutrients needed. The four basic food groups that continue to be asked by dieticians are:
- Powder group includes: Rice, Noodles, Corn, Potato, Cassava.
- Protein group includes: Meat, Fish, Eggs, Crayfish, and Beans.
- Fats includes: Oils, Fats, Sesame, Peanuts
- Vitamins and minerals includes: Green Vegetables and Ripe Fruits.
The body should also be provided with a full range of vitamins including iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, B vitamins, folic acid, vitamins A, C, E, D, and beta-carotene by eating a variety. At this stage, the body needs about 2550 kcal/day, higher than normal levels 300-350 kcal, so the nutritional requirements are also higher. If during the first trimester of pregnancy, doctors advise pregnant women to drink enough 1.5 liters of water a day, the diet for pregnant women three months between the mother requires that the supply of at least 2 liters of water every day. Drinking enough water is important to balance the amount of amniotic fluid in the mother’s body with the development of the fetus. The use of vitamins, vitamins are necessary, but pregnant should be under the guidance of a doctor. Also, keep your body weight in reasonable control to avoid the risk of overweight/underweight.
When the belly starts to grow up, the gourd does not try to wear tight, be prepared to buy more furniture.
Get regular exercise right now to stay healthy, and attend a proper prenatal exercise class. Pregnant women can also practice by walking, swimming, yoga or cycling.
During this time, you may have some diseases such as indigestion, constipation. Drink plenty of water and eat plenty of fresh fruit to prevent this condition. If you see strange manifestations of the body to see the doctor to avoid harm to the health of the mother and fetus.
3. The Husband needs to Know
Remind her to go to a regular pregnancy checkup, if possible to take her to hospitals.
Conduct planned fetal education, fetal music listening, regular chattering and fetal monitoring as well as fetal heart rate.
This is the time when pregnant women need to supplement the form of nutrients; husbands need to refer to reasonable diet to avoid maternal quality or overweight.
How to Care for Pregnant women in the last 3 months of Pregnancy
1. Changes in the Physical Appearance of Pregnant Women in the last 3 Months
With the abdomen protruding forward, it should keep the chest back, the neck forward, the lower back, the back forward to keep the center of the body balanced. This causes some muscle fatigue and excessive back pain.
Numbness, palms, feet, varicose veins may occur during this stage.
Mothers will face the Braxton Hicks contractions that occur more frequently and more intensely.
About 70% of pregnant women show signs of pregnancy in the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, and breasts. These lines are curved, irregular, pink or purple, and their magnitudes are very different.
Pregnant women are prone to fatigue due to lack of sleep and fetal weight.
2. How to Care for Pregnant Women in the last 3 Months
Nutrition for pregnant women in the last 3 months of pregnancy must be ensured in sufficient quantity and quality, balanced between nutrients such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals Of which:
- Protein is abundant in meats such as chicken, pork, beef, fish, eggs, milk Fat in peanuts, sesame, beans, oil, fat
- Carbohydrates are abundant in rice, corn, potatoes, cassava, cereals, and potatoes
- Vitamins are abundant in green vegetables and fresh fruits
- Iron is rich in dark green vegetables, liver, kidney, heart
- Calcium is abundant in milk, eggs, shrimp, shrimp, crab
- Ensure adequate drinking water: drink 2-2.5 liters of water per day.
- A split meal to eat more mothers and digest better.
- Avoid harmful foods that contain preservatives, avoid eating salty canned foods, and avoid eating cold.
During the last few months of pregnancy, your pregnancy should be checked more often so that your doctor can give you specific advice about your health, preparing for your next birthday.
Take a rest day with a high leg, preferably tilted to the left. This will help your stamina increase your stamina and increase blood flow to the placenta.
Pregnant women should walk after dinner for about 15-30 minutes to help blood circulation and delivery more easily.
To give birth to a healthy, intelligent baby, the mother should be limited to maximum stress both physically and mentally. Get out of the way of annoying, uncomfortable, limit heavy work, work makes the mother think a lot and take time to relax, relax. You should know that your mother’s feelings during pregnancy, the baby are the same later.
In the last month, do not have sex because it is easy to induce uterine contractions and premature birth.
As close as possible to the date of birth, she should arrange work to be able to leave at least four weeks before birth and prepare the necessary things for the baby at birth. In the last months, the baby grows and gains weight fast, requiring more attention to her eating and activities. Do not be “workaholic”, trying to keep close to birth, both harmful to the pregnancy, and not secure the occurrence of labor.
3. The Husband needs to Know
Massage can promote blood circulation, enhance resistance, and relieve discomfort in the last 3 months effectively. Husband to massage his wife can also make his wife release psychological pressure; help his wife always comfortable, fun.
Be proactive in learning the knowledge related to late pregnancy and birth care, understanding changes in the body of the wife, identifying some abnormalities and treatments.
The husband tried to do all the housework, even if it was simple because during this time she would be very tired to work.
Spending time with his wife, taking care of his wife, and bringing his wife to the clinic, during this period, the pregnancy examination schedule will be thicker.
In short, pregnancy and childbirth is a great function, the happiness of every woman. During this pregnancy, pregnant women should pay attention to diet as well as daily life to ensure the birth of “mother round the square”. Not only mothers but also husbands need to have certain knowledge about the stages of pregnancy to be able to care for pregnant women in the most effective and scientific way.