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Human Colonies on Moon and Mars May Possible in Next 5 Years – SpaceX

In five years, the first rocket with civilian crew bound for the moon will take off. Two years later, humans will finally be able to place their feet on the ground on Mars. These are the top pledges announced by billionaire Elon Musk this Friday at a conference held by his company SpaceX in Adelaide, Australia.

Musk presented the most advanced phase of the Interplanetary Transport System program and showed in detail how the Big Freaking Rocket (BFR) rocket will operate, a project to take about 100 people per trip to the moon or to Mars.

In addition to the challenge of taking our species to another planet, plans are even bolder:

SpaceX gave details of how they plan to install the first human colony on the Moon and Mars, an organization very similar to a city here on Earth.

Plans to go to the Moon and Mars in 2022

During his presentation, Elon Musk showed the number 2022 on the screen. “This is not a typo but an aspiration,” he said. “We are in 2017, we should already have a lunar base today,” concluded the billionaire.

The plan is to put the BFR project into practice and by 2022 to have the rocket ready to take off toward the Moon. By 2024, the idea is to have enough technology to make the trip a bit longer and get to Mars.

How is the Rocket that will lead man to Mars?

The BFR presented by Musk in Australia is an improvement from the previous version, released a year earlier in Guadalajara, Mexico. The new version of the rocket is 106 meters high (16 meters less than the previous one) and 9 meters in diameter (8 meters less). It is estimated that the ship reaches the speed of 27,000 km / h.

According to SpaceX, the BFR will have two internal parts, which add up to 40 booths. Each cabin will be able to accommodate up to six people, though Musk says the ideal is to be occupied by at most three – after all, the trip to Mars should take about six months. In this way, the rocket must carry between 100 and 200 people per trip.
Price of space travel

The first information disclosed by SpaceX estimated the cost of the space passage in US $ 200 thousand (about R $ 650 thousand). Musk, however, is working to reduce the price of the trip by half, $ 100,000 ($ 325,000). “I think we figured out how to pay for it,” he said.

The key point for the brutal reduction of travel expense is the coupling automation system. That’s because the BFR predicts the burning of 150 tons of fuel to surpass Earth’s orbit and another 150-tonne refuelling to get the way to Mars.

“If the fuel is reused, you will only pay to recharge the propellant. It’s absolutely vital to make that work, “Musk said of how he could make the trip cheaper.

The Dragon rocket, also developed by SpaceX and doing the work of bringing and bringing equipment and astronauts from Earth to the International Space Station, will test the system from next year.

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